• Title
    Arnold S. Rowntree papers
  • Reference
    TEMP MSS 977
  • Date
  • Scope and Content
    Papers relating to conscientious objection including correspondence between COs and Arnold Rowntree, the development of conscientious objection during the First World War and the Friends Ambulance Unit and various visual items.
  • Extent
    2 boxes
  • Level of description
  • Publication note
    Much of the published material in this collection is also held in the Library’s printed materials collection.
  • Creator
    • Rowntree, Arnold Stephenson, 1872-1951
      Arnold S. Rowntree was born on the 28th November 1872, the youngest son of John Stephenson and Elisabeth Rowntree. He was educated at Bootham school in York. After three years working in his father’s grocery business, he went to work for his uncle’s firm, becoming director of the Cocoa Works at Rowntree & Co in 1897, and holding this post until his retirement in 1941. He became an MP for York in 1910 and worked to bring the issue of conscientious objection to the notice of parliament during World War I. He sat on the Joint Advisory Committee representing the No-Conscription Fellowship, Friends Service Committee and the Fellowship of Reconciliation which directed much of the support for COs during the war. He was also affiliated to the radical liberal Union of Democratic Control , ‘the most significant group dissenting from British policy during the First World War’. (1) He was an active Friend and was clerk to York Monthly Meeting as a young man. He was chairman of the York Schools Committee, the Retreat Committee, one of the Trustees of ‘The Friend’ and ‘Friends Quarterly’, as well as being heavily involved in the adult education movement. He was a founder member and pioneer of the first Educational Settlements at York and Leeds in 1909. He married Mary K. Harvey in 1906 and they had six children together. He died on 21st May 1951. These papers represent his work on conscientious objection before, during, and after, World War I. Arnold S. Rowntree gifted these papers to the Library in 1933 _______________________________________________________ 1 F. M. Leventhal, ‘Union of Democratic Control (act. 1914–1924)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press. [, accessed 13 May 2014]
  • Archival history
    Gift to the Library by the creator Arnold S. Rowntree in 1933.
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