• Title
    Dorothy Henkel papers
  • Reference
    TEMP MSS 1003
  • Date
  • Scope and Content
    Material relating to Dorothy Henkel's work with Quaker organisations including Friends' Service Council, Bockenheim Nachbarschaftsheim in Frankfurt am Main and Bad Pyrmont Rest Home; research notes and supporting papers for her memoirs and personal and family papers.
  • Extent
    5 boxes
  • Level of description
  • Condition governing access
  • Creator
    • Henkel, Dorothy, 1886-1983
      Dorothy Henkel was born on 24 March 1886 the only child of Karl Henkel, a professional German musician, who settled in England in the late 19th century with Dorothy’s English mother. She was raised in London but frequently visited relatives in Frankfurt. Following the First World War, and having lost her fiancé as a consequence of the flu epidemic, in 1920 Dorothy attended a meeting at the Albert Hall to consider the relief of famine in Germany. Enquiring how she could help Dorothy was advised to visit the Quakers and attended No. 27 Chancery Lane where she was interviewed by Rachel Braithwaite. It was decided that Dorothy would travel to Frankfurt am Main to help and where she was able to lodge with her Aunt Sophie. From June 1920 Dorothy worked in Frankfurt, throughout the years of rising inflation, assisting in a new relief project known as “The Depot”. The project supplied rationed food and other items to selected people at prices lower than those offered by shops. During her time in Frankfurt she became good friends with Elizabeth Fox Howard and Carl Heath. In 1925 Dorothy became a member of the Religious Society of Friends and began helping impoverished children in a scheme that placed them with families in Alsace for six weeks hospitality, allowing them to benefit from a better diet. During this time Dorothy began to witness the effects of the Nuremberg laws and began to assist Jewish couples seeking to emigrate to escape persecution. By 1935 Dorothy had returned to London and began assisting the Society of Friends with their work for refugees entering Britain. She was asked by Helen Dixon to assist in opening a rest home in Germany where people who had suffered, especially under the Nazi regime, could find rest and refreshment. The home was set up in the Frankfurter Hof in Falkenstein. In 1939 Dorothy and her parents travelled to Germany to visit family. During this time the Second World War broke out and the family was forced to stay in Germany for the entirety of the war. During this time both of Dorothy’s parents died. Following the end of the war Dorothy returned to England but regularly travelled to Frankfurt to assist with relief work and take part in a project to support a Neighbourhood Centre in Bockenhaim. Dorothy spent her last years in a nursing home in Frankfurt where she completed her memoirs before she died in 1983. Further information can be found in: Henkel, Dorothy, 'Memoirs', (Frankfurt am Main, 1983). Reynolds, Phyllis M. and Stevens, Sylvia, 'Dorothy Henkel', in 'The Friend', (27 May 1983), p. 654. 'Dorothy Henkel', in 'Yearly Meeting Proceedings', (London, 1984), pp. 144-145.
  • Archival history
    A file has been maintained by the archive on correspondence regarding the deposited materials of Dorothy Henkel. The correspondence reveals that the papers were found in the desk of Dorothy Henkel in England and passed on to the Society of Friends Library by Jon North in 1982. Malcolm Thomas, Librarian, wrote a letter to Dorothy Henkel on 22nd July 1982 asking what she would like the library to do with the papers, and that they were happy to keep them in the strong room and accept them. They consisted of "half-a-dozen files, labelled 'Refugees', 'Rest Home', '1934-1939', 'for memoirs', and so on, containing notes, letters, press cuttings, and pamphlets; there are also a few old chequebook stubs and bank statements." Dorothy Henkel replied on 8th November 1982, stating "with regards to the files, I would be very grateful if you would keep them for the time being, at least until after Christmas." The material was entered into the accessions register in 1992. The entry states that the material was received "pre-1990" and was accessioned under the number 10427. The material was re-boxed and renumbered on 27th October 2011 under the number 11787. The entry stated that Box 1 and Box 2 contained miscellaneous papers that were deposited in 1982. The entry also states that Boxes 3, 4, and 5 were deposited earlier than this, although it does not provide a date for this. The collection was arranged, appraised, and catalogued in April 2013 by an archive volunteer. Material is now placed in acid-free archival folders and resides in 5 archival boxes.
  • Normal location
    TEMP MSS sequence
  • Name